Modeling the Performance of Sprinklers, Draft Curtains and Roof Vents in Large Storage Facility Fires.
Modeling the Performance of Sprinklers, Draft Curtains
and Roof Vents in Large Storage Facility Fires.
McGrattan, K. B.; Evans, D. D.
Fire Detection, Fire Extinguishment and Fire Safety
Engineering. NRIFD 50th Anniversary Symposium.
Proceedings. Fire Fighting Future 50th Session
(FFF50th). Organized by National Research Institute of
Fire and Disaster (NRIFD) and Fire and Disaster
Management Agency (FDMA) and Sponsored by Fire
Protection Equipment and Safety Center. June 1, 1998,
Tokyo, Japan, 49-56 pp, 1998.
fire detection; fire extinguishment; fire safety; safety
engineering; roof vents; sprinklers; draft curtains;
storage; computational fluid dynamics; plastics;
The second and most recent application of the NIST
Industrial Fire Simulation (IFS) System is to predict
the performance of sprinklers, draft curtains and roof
vents in storage facilities and retail spaces. The IFS
System is a series of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
fire models based on large eddy simulation (LES)
techniques combined with means to exchange data and
results. The model requires as input information about
the activation properties of sprinklers and roof vents,
the spray distribution of the sprinklers, and the
burning and extinguishment properties of the commodity
under consideration. These are obtained from bench scale
and large scale experiments. The IFS2 model was
developed and evaluated using a series of heptane spray
fires and high rack storage fires of cartoned rigid