Water Additives for Increased Efficiency of Fire Protection and Suppression.
Water Additives for Increased Efficiency of Fire
Protection and Suppression.
U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural
Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 14th Joint
panel Meeting. May 28-June 3, 1998, Tsukuba, Japan,
166-171 pp, 1998 AND Fire Detection, Fire Extinguishment
and Fire Safety Engineering. NRIFD 50th Anniversary
Symposium. Proceedings. Fire Fighting Future 50th
Session (FFF50th). Organized by National Research
Institute of Fire and Disaster (NRIFD) and Fire and
Disaster Management Agency (FDMA) and Sponsored by Fire
Protection Equipment and Safety Center. June 1, 1998,
Tokyo, Japan, 1-6 pp, 1998, Tokyo, Japan, 1998.
fire detection; fire extinguishment; fire safety; safety
engineering; water; additives; fire protection; fire
suppression; fire fighting; physical properties; smoke
generation; effectiveness; experiments
The Building and Fire Research Laboratory at the
National Institute of Standards and Technology, under
the sponsorship of the United States Fire
Administration, has examined methods for demonstrating
the fire protection and suppression effectiveness of
water based fire fighting agents. NIST investigated
smoke generation during suppression and conducted a
broad-based study on fire protection and suppression
effectiveness including laboratory scale experiments and
large-scale fire suppression experiments. The following
characteristics were investigated at laboratory scale:
specific heat, drop size, cooling and penetration,
contact angle, mass retention and ignition inhibition.
Large-scale experiments were used to examine the
suppression effectiveness of the agents on wnnd crib and