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Water Additives for Increased Efficiency of Fire Protection and Suppression.

pdf icon Water Additives for Increased Efficiency of Fire Protection and Suppression. (566 K)
Madrzykowski, D.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 14th Joint panel Meeting. May 28-June 3, 1998, Tsukuba, Japan, 166-171 pp, 1998 AND Fire Detection, Fire Extinguishment and Fire Safety Engineering. NRIFD 50th Anniversary Symposium. Proceedings. Fire Fighting Future 50th Session (FFF50th). Organized by National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster (NRIFD) and Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA) and Sponsored by Fire Protection Equipment and Safety Center. June 1, 1998, Tokyo, Japan, 1-6 pp, 1998, Tokyo, Japan, 1998.


fire detection; fire extinguishment; fire safety; safety engineering; water; additives; fire protection; fire suppression; fire fighting; physical properties; smoke generation; effectiveness; experiments


The Building and Fire Research Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, under the sponsorship of the United States Fire Administration, has examined methods for demonstrating the fire protection and suppression effectiveness of water based fire fighting agents. NIST investigated smoke generation during suppression and conducted a broad-based study on fire protection and suppression effectiveness including laboratory scale experiments and large-scale fire suppression experiments. The following characteristics were investigated at laboratory scale: specific heat, drop size, cooling and penetration, contact angle, mass retention and ignition inhibition. Large-scale experiments were used to examine the suppression effectiveness of the agents on wnnd crib and tire fires.