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Numerical Study of Low- and High-Temperature Silane Combustion.


pdf icon Numerical Study of Low- and High-Temperature Silane Combustion. (811 K)
Babushok, V. I.; Tsang, W.; Burgess, D. R. F., Jr.; Zachariah, M. R.

Combustion Institute, Symposium (International) on Combustion, 27th. Proceedings. Volume 2. August 2-7, 1998, Boulder, CO, Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, 2431-2439 pp, 1998.

Keywords:

combustion; high temperature; silanes; computer simulation; autoignition; flame propagation

Abstract:

Self-ignition and flame propagation properties of silane combustion systems have been studied through computer simulations using a database of kinetic and thermodynamic information that is consistent with current understanding of the elementary processes. These new inputs include the mechanism for chain branching through the SiH3 radical, rate constants for the reactions of HO2 with silane and its breakdown products, and the reaction of SiO with oxygen. Over the entire temperature range, the simulations show two distinct mechanisms. At low temperatures, the kinetics of SiH3 is controlling, whereas at high temperatures, SiH3 chemistry is of key importance. The results demonstrate that the upper explosion limit and ignition at room temperature and 1 bar can be described by the same set of reactions. With the new database, many of the experimental observations can be reproduced, and predictions are made regarding dependencies on process parameters. These include the critical conditions for chain ignition, the dependence of the critical pressure on the ratio of silane and oxygen concentration, and the temperature dependence of the critical ratio of silane to oxygen concentration. A scenario for low-temperature ignition is presented. At high temperatures, the importance of condensation processes for accurate prediction of flame velocities is clear. For very lean flames, the maximum reaction rate occurs at the lower temperature region of the flame zone.