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Evaluating a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant Oil-Spill Containment Boom.


pdf icon Evaluating a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant Oil-Spill Containment Boom. (1743 K)
Walton, W. D.; Twilley, W. H.; Hiltabrand, R. R.; Mullin, J. V.

NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.

Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar, 21st. Environment Canada. Volume 2. Proceedings. June 10-12, 1998, Alberta, Canada, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 651-671 pp, 1998.

Keywords:

oil spills; cleaning; crude oil; diesel fuels; heat release rate; pool fires; containment; in situ burning; instruments; heat flux

Abstract:

Most response plans for in situ burning of oil at sea call for the use of a fire-resistant boom to contain the oil during a burn. Presently, there is no standard method for the user of fire-resistant boom to evaluate the anticipated performance of different booms. The ASTM F-20 Committee has developed a draft Standard Guide for In Situ Burning of Oil Spills on Water: Fire-Resistant Containment Boom; however, the draft provides only general guidelines and does not specify the details of the test procedure. Utilizing the guidelines in the draft standard, a series of experiments was conducted to evaluate a protocol for testing the ability of fire-resistant booms to withstand both fire and waves. A wave tank capable of assessing the capabilities of a 15 m section of boom by subjecting it to a 5 m diameter fire with 0.15 m high waves was designed and constructed at the U.S. Coast Guard Fire and Safety Test Detachment in Alabama. A draft test protocol was evaluated using five typical fire-resistant oil-spill containment booms. The results of this evaluation are presented. The strengths and weaknesses of the protocol are discussed along with areas for possible improvement.