Evaluating a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant Oil-Spill Containment Boom.
Evaluating a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant
Oil-Spill Containment Boom.
Walton, W. D.; Twilley, W. H.; Hiltabrand, R. R.;
Mullin, J. V.
NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.
Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical
Seminar, 21st. Environment Canada. Volume 2.
Proceedings. June 10-12, 1998, Alberta, Canada,
Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 651-671 pp, 1998.
oil spills; cleaning; crude oil; diesel fuels; heat
release rate; pool fires; containment; in situ burning;
instruments; heat flux
Most response plans for in situ burning of oil at sea
call for the use of a fire-resistant boom to contain the
oil during a burn. Presently, there is no standard
method for the user of fire-resistant boom to evaluate
the anticipated performance of different booms. The
ASTM F-20 Committee has developed a draft Standard Guide
for In Situ Burning of Oil Spills on Water:
Fire-Resistant Containment Boom; however, the draft
provides only general guidelines and does not specify
the details of the test procedure. Utilizing the
guidelines in the draft standard, a series of
experiments was conducted to evaluate a protocol for
testing the ability of fire-resistant booms to withstand
both fire and waves. A wave tank capable of assessing
the capabilities of a 15 m section of boom by subjecting
it to a 5 m diameter fire with 0.15 m high waves was
designed and constructed at the U.S. Coast Guard Fire
and Safety Test Detachment in Alabama. A draft test
protocol was evaluated using five typical fire-resistant
oil-spill containment booms. The results of this
evaluation are presented. The strengths and weaknesses
of the protocol are discussed along with areas for