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Fire-Emulator Detector-Evaluation.

pdf icon Fire-Emulator Detector-Evaluation. (96 K)
Chernovsky, A.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Cleary, T. G.; Anderson, M.

Safety Systems (SS-98) of International Information Forum. International Conference, 7th. Proceedings. Moscow Fire Safety Institute. October 28, 1998, Moscow, Russia, Topolsky, N. G.; Lavlinsky, L. L.; Bludchy, N. P., Editor(s)(s), 192-193 pp, 1998.


fire safety; fire detection systems; fire detectors


The performance of a fire detection system is determined as much by its ability to recognize correctly the non-fire state as to sense the presence of a real fire. Common fire detectors respond to particulate matter in the form of smoke from a flaming or smoldering source by scattering light, absorbing light, or decreasing the level of ionization. Atmospheric aerosols from non-fire sources also can cause an ionization or photoelectric detector to respond. While different manufacturers have developed means to compensate for background particulate levels, standard methods to assess how well a particular detector discriminates background from fire-generated aerosols do not exist. The purpose of the FE/DE is to produce an environment representative of what would be present immediately adjacent to an installed detector.