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Thermal Environments of Structural Fire Fighting and Thermal Tests for Firefighters' Protective Clothing.


pdf icon Thermal Environments of Structural Fire Fighting and Thermal Tests for Firefighters' Protective Clothing. (107 K)
Lawson, J. R.

Fire Research and Engineering, Second (2nd) International Conference. (ICFRE2). Proceedings. ABSTRACTS ONLY. National Institute of Standards and Technology and Society of Fire Protection Engineers. August 10-15, 1997, Gaithersburg, MD, Slaughter, K. C., Editor(s), 74-74 pp, 1997.

Keywords:

fire research; fire protection engineering; protective clothing; fire fighters; fire fighting; fire load; burns (injuries)

Abstract:

[ABSTRACT ONLY] Fire loads have significantly increased in homes and businesses since the 1940's. In addition, heat release rates of furnishings and contents have also experienced significant increases. Building construction has produced more highly insulated structures with greater amounts of thermal insulation. All of these factors have affected the way that fire grows in structures, and it has added new challenges for the fire service. With these new fire challenges, there have also been significant improvements in firefighters' protective clothing and equipment. The SCBA (Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus) has become a standard piece of protective equipment. This paper discusses the related factors of structural fire fighting thermal environments, causes of firefighter burn injuries and thermal performance testing of firefighters' protective clothing.