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Fabrics for Testing the Ignition Propensity of Cigarettes.


pdf icon Fabrics for Testing the Ignition Propensity of Cigarettes. (617 K)
Eberhardt, K. R.; Levenson, M. S.; Gann, R. G.

Fire and Materials, Vol. 21, No. 6, 259-264, November/December 1997.

Keywords:

cigarettes; fabrics; ignition; test methods

Abstract:

This paper reports an analysis of data from a study conducted by the cigarette industry to determine whether the fabrics used in a measurement method for cigarette ignition propensity reasonably represent the ignition behavior of actual upholstery fabrics. A 'consistency score' is defined to evaluate objectively the relative agreement of ignition test results on various test fabrics compared with the cotton duck fabrics used in the measurement method. Particular attention is paid to those cases where the cigarettes show statistically significant differences by the chi-squared test. This analysis finds that the aggregated set of 79 industry fabrics ranks the four test cigarettes in the same order as do the three cotton duck fabrics in the measurement method. Thus, to the extent that the industry set is representative of those fabrics used in upholstery, it would be proper to use the three test fabrics as surrogates for the purpose of determining the relative ignition propensity of a cigarette. The analysis does identify six to ten fabrics that would be expected to show persistent reversals compared to the aggregate ordering; however, three-fourths of the fabrics rank the cigarettes consistently with the cotton duck fabrics.