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Effect of Pool Diameter on the Properties of Smoke Produced by Crude Oil Fires.


pdf icon Effect of Pool Diameter on the Properties of Smoke Produced by Crude Oil Fires. (717 K)
Mulholland, G. W.; Liggett, W.; Koseki, H.

NISTIR 6030; June 1997.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 13th Joint Panel Meeting. Volume 1. March 13-20, 1996, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K. A., Editor(s), 413-422 pp, 1997.

Fire Science and Technology, Vol. 17, No. Special Issue, 64-60, 1997.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB97-184204

Keywords:

combustion; crude oil; carbon balance method; fire research; oil spills; sphere sizes; smoke production; smoke yield; spill fires

Abstract:

The smoke production from the burning of crude oil was investigated for a 1m diameter pan and for a 2.7m x 2.7m pan, which is the largest pan used within a fire test facility for smoke characterization. The smoke yield, as measured two procedures both based on the carbon balance method, increased by about 50% as the pan size increased. Analysis of the smoke by transmission electron microscopy showed that the volume mean diameter of the primary spheres increased by about 80% as the pan size increased. These results are compared with other studies ranging in scale from a pool diameter as small as 8.5cm to those as large as the 12m crude oil "spill" fires and 100m pool fires set during the 1991 war in Kuwait.