Effect of Pool Diameter on the Properties of Smoke Produced by Crude Oil Fires.
Effect of Pool Diameter on the Properties of Smoke
Produced by Crude Oil Fires.
Mulholland, G. W.; Liggett, W.; Koseki, H.
NISTIR 6030; June 1997.
U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural
Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 13th Joint
Panel Meeting. Volume 1. March 13-20, 1996,
Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K. A., Editor(s), 413-422 pp,
Fire Science and Technology, Vol. 17, No. Special
Issue, 64-60, 1997.
Available from: National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB97-184204
combustion; crude oil; carbon balance method; fire
research; oil spills; sphere sizes; smoke production;
smoke yield; spill fires
The smoke production from the burning of crude oil was
investigated for a 1m diameter pan and for a 2.7m x 2.7m
pan, which is the largest pan used within a fire test
facility for smoke characterization. The smoke yield,
as measured two procedures both based on the carbon
balance method, increased by about 50% as the pan size
increased. Analysis of the smoke by transmission
electron microscopy showed that the volume mean diameter
of the primary spheres increased by about 80% as the pan
size increased. These results are compared with other
studies ranging in scale from a pool diameter as small
as 8.5cm to those as large as the 12m crude oil "spill"
fires and 100m pool fires set during the 1991 war in