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Test Fire Signatures and the Fire-Emulator/Detector-Evaluation.

pdf icon Test Fire Signatures and the Fire-Emulator/Detector-Evaluation. (1213 K)
Grosshandler, W. L.; Cleary, T. G.

NISTIR 6030; June 1997.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 13th Joint Panel Meeting. Volume 2. March 13-20, 1996, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K. A., Editor(s), 375-390 pp, 1997.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB97-184204


fire safety; fire research; fire detection; fire tests; fire detectors; smoke detectors; gas detectors; heat detectors; smoldering


Existing methods for evaluating the performance of smoke and thermal detectors are reviewed. The levels of combustion gases, smoke, temperature and velocity likely to be produced in the European standard detector test fires are discussed, and this information is used to establish the operating conditions for a fire-emulator/detector-evaluator (FE/DE). The first generation FE/DE being developed by BFRL will handle multi-criteria spot-type detectors over the anticipated range of realistic operating conditions. Measurements in non-flaming test fires (TF 2 and TF 3) are described and example signatures are proposed for training the FE/DE to evaluate combination smoke/heat/gas detection systems.