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High-Rise Evacuation Modeling: Data and Applications.

pdf icon High-Rise Evacuation Modeling: Data and Applications. (758 K)
Fahy, R. F.

NISTIR 6030; June 1997.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 13th Joint Panel Meeting. Volume 1. March 13-20, 1996, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K. A., Editor(s), 35-42 pp, 1997.


National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB97-184204


fire safety; fire research; high rise buildings; evacuation; people movement; human behavior; handicapped; time lag; occupants


A model called EXIT89 has been developed at NFPA to simulate the evacuation of a large building, with the capability of tracking each occupant individually. The output of this model, in combination with a fire and smoke movement model using the same building layout, can be used to predict the effects of cumulative exposure to the toxic environment present in a structure fire. The capability of modeling the presence of disabled occupants has recently been added to the model. Data to test and enhance the model was obtained form fire drills conducted in office buildings in the U.S. and U.K., as well as evacuations involving able-bodied and disabled subjects in a hotel.