Towards the Development of a Universal Fire Emulator-Detector Evaluator.
Towards the Development of a Universal Fire
Grosshandler, W. L.
University of Duisburg. International Conference on
Automatic Fire Detection "AUBE '95", 10th. April 4-6,
1995, Duisburg, Germany, Luck, H., Editor(s), 368-380
Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 29, 113-127, 1997.
fire detection; heat release rate; large scale fire
tests; fluid dynamics; standards; fire tests
Past measurements are examined of CO, CO2, H2O, H2, O2,
smoke and temperature produced in standard fires of the
UL and EN type. Additional measurements just above the
heat release zone are suggested to get a more complete
footprint of each standard fire, and the concept of a
universal fire emulator/detector evaluator (FE/DE) is
introduced. The objective of the emulator is to produce
more well controlled environments that eliminate the
unavoidable run-to-run variations associated with
full-scale tests. Numerical fluid dynamic computations
are recommended to insert the fire source into the space
being protected as a guide for detector placement and to
predict system performance under realistic conditions.