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Evolution of HAZARD, the Fire Hazard Assessment Methodology.


pdf icon Evolution of HAZARD, the Fire Hazard Assessment Methodology. (1135 K)
Jones, W. W.

Fire Risk and Hazard Assessment Symposium: Research and Practice: Bridging the Gap. Proceedings. National Fire Protection Research Foundation. June 26-28, 1996, San Francisco, CA, 392-406 pp, 1996.

Fire Technology, Vol. 33, No. 2, 167-182, May/June 1997.

Keywords:

fire risk; hazard assessment; methodology; computer programs; fire models; egress

Abstract:

The United States alone spends over $700B per year on new and renovated construction. About 20% of this is to assure safety from unwanted fires, which includes the cost of insurance, to make families whole after fires, to recover from business loss and so forth. This is an enormous cost to endure every year. Combined with a growing construction market in other countries, this presents a major opportunity for the introduction of new fire safe products to the building and transportation industries and new products such as advanced detectors and suppression systems and fire fighting equipment for the fire protection industry. These industries need measures of performance for their products and mechanisms to show that these products can be safely and quickly introduced. Performance based fire standards are currently under development to augment prescriptive standards around the world. The intent of performance based standards is to provide flexibility in maintaining accepted fire safety from unwanted fires with new competitive products while providing an opportunity for saving lives, reducing property loss, at the same time buying a reduction in the cost of design, construction, maintenance and liability coverage. In order to derive this benefit it is necessary to have tools to evaluate building systems performance which then provide a metric for the effectiveness of design and material use.