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Brand Lofting in Large Fire Plumes.

pdf icon Brand Lofting in Large Fire Plumes. (144 K)
Woycheese, J. P.; Pagni, P. J.

NISTIR 5904; October 1996.

National Institute of Standards and Technology. Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 28-31, 1996, Gaithersburg, MD, 67-68 pp, 1996.


National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

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fire research; fire science; fire plumes; urban fires; fire spread; fire brands


Urban/wildland intermix conflagrations occur when dry vegetative fuels of the wild areas combine with structural fuels from houses to product a combustible environment that, once ignited, easily becomes uncontrollable. The dominant mechanism for propagation of these fires is the copious fire brands these fuels produce. This research is a first step in the development of a modular model for fire growth in the urban/wildland intermix. The goal is to predict the area that is at risk from brand-induced fire spread during a large conflagration. Our work expands that performed by Tarifa, et al., substituting a more realistic plume velocity field based on the Baum and McCaffrey plume model for the constant plume velocity assumed there.