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Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 28-31, 1996.


pdf icon Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 28-31, 1996. (11729 K)
Beall, K. A.

NISTIR 5904; 163 p. October 1996.

National Institute of Standards and Technology. Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 28-31, 1996, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K. A., Editor(s), 1996.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB97-153514

Keywords:

fire research; fire science; fire suppression; water sprays; soot; pool fires; jet fires; halon alternatives; fire plumes; fire detection; toxic gases; flammability

Abstract:

The NIST Annual Conference on Fire Research has long been the prime forum for presentation and discussion of the latest advances in the science of fire and the engineering of fire safety. Hundreds of billions of dollars of products and services are involved in fire safety decisions each year. New technology is changing the way those products are developed, manufactured, evaluated, and used. This conference enables all interested parties to hear of and discuss advances in fire science, with the intent of stimulating (a) new products that are more fire-safe and (b) new ways to capture that value in the ways products are for use. The conference scope includes all fire research performed within Federal laboratories or sponsored by Federal agencies, as well as work from laboratories around the world. This booklet contains the abstracts of the 76 papers focussing on the phenomenology of fire: fire extinguishment, chemistry and physics of material and product combustion, flame spread, flame structure, soot, pool fires, fire-induced flows, fire plumes, combustion product generation and measurement, and fire detection. Discussion session will consider the status of our knowledge and the most important understanding yet to be developed. With this, we hope to continue cross-pollinating the elements of the fire research community while stimulating our members to new understanding that will lead to more fire-safe products and practices.

Selected Papers

Dynamics of Water Droplets in a Counterflow Field and Its Effect on Flame Extinction.
Lentati, A. M.; Chelliah, H. K. Evaporation of a Small Aqueous Suppressing Agent Droplet.
Chien, W. S.; Yang, J. C.; King, M. D.; Grosshandler, W. L. Numerical Study on Water Mist Suppression of Methane-Air Diffusion Flames.
Li, C.; Prasad, K. R.; Kailasanath, K. Experimental and Modelling Studies of Compartment Jet Fire Suppression Using Water Spray.
Alageel, K.; Ewan, B. C. R.; Swithenbank, J. Parametric Study With a Computational Model Simulating Interaction Between Fire Plume and Sprinkler Spray.
Nam, S. Experimental Investigation of the Water Mist Impacting Phenomenon on Horizontal Wires.
Hung, L. S.; Yao, S. C. Numerical Studies on the Deposition and Transport of Water Mist Normal to a Horizontal Plate.
Hung, L. S.; Yao, S. C. Effect of Dissolving a Surfactant in Water Sprayed on a Hot Surface.
Qiao, Y. M.; Chandra, S. Fine Spray Protection of Shipboard Engine Rooms.
Bill, R. G., Jr.; Hansen, R. L.; Richards, K. Wet Bench Fire Suppression With Fine Water Spray.
Wu, P. K.; Taylor, T.; Harriman, R. B. Residence Time Effects on Soot Growth Processes.
Ezekoye, O. A.; Zhang, Z. Refractive Indices of Overfire Soot in Large Buoyant Turbulent Diffusion Flames.
Wu, J. S.; Krishnan, S. K.; Lin, K. C.; Faeth, G. M. Study of Soot and PAH Oxidation in Post-Flame Gases.
Tolocka, M. P.; Miller, J. H. Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy Measurements of Soot Volume Fraction and Soot Emission in Large Fires.
Gritzo, L. A.; Sivathanu, Y. R.; Gill, W.; Chu, T. Y. Heat Flux Calibration Flow and Conduction Facilities: Status Report.
Steckler, K. D.; Grosshandler, W. L. Fuel Temperature Distribution and Burning Rate in Large Pool Fires.
Gritzo, L. A.; Boucheron, E. A.; Murray,D. Pre-Boilover Burning of a Slick of Oil on Water.
Gandhi, S.; Torero, J. L.; Garo, J. P.; Vantelon, J. P. Why are Pool Fires Anchored?
Venkatesh, S.; Ito, A.; Saito, K. Scaling Flame Lengths of Large Diffusion Flames.
Zukoski, E. E. Visible and Chemical Flame Lengths of Acetylene/Air Jet Diffusion.
Wade, R. W.; Gore, J. P. New Risk Assessment Method for Evaluating Alternative Fire Suppression Agents.
Zalosh, R. G. Halon Alternatives Testing in Combat Vehicle Engine Compartments.
McFassel, J. F.; Treanor, T. J. Flammable Liquid Storeroom Halon Replacement Testing.
Maranghides, A.; Sheinson, R. S.; Black, B. H. Products of Thermal Decomposition in Intermediate Scale Testing.
Driscoll, M.; Rivers, P. Clean Extinguishing Agents and Continuously Energized Circuits.
Driscoll, M.; Rivers, P. Flame Suppression Properties of HFC-227ea: Fundamental Studies and Suppression of Real-World Class A Hazards.
Robin, M. L. Computations of Inhibition Effectiveness of Halogenated Compounds in Premixed Flames.
Babushok, V. I.; Noto, T.; Hamins, A.; Tsang, W. Structure of Low Pressure Premixed Methane Flames Inhibited With CHF3 and C3HF7.
L'Esperance, D. M.; Williams, B. A.; Fleming, J. W.; Sheinson, R. S. Aerosol and SPGG Technology Fire Suppression Screening Methods.
Grosshandler, W. L.; Yang, J. C.; Cleary, T. G. Fire Suppression Using Solid Propellant Gas Generator Technology.
Holland, G. F.; Galbraith, L. D. Extinguishment of a Diffusion Flame Over a PMMA Cylinder by Depressurization in Low Gravity.
Goldmeer, J. S.; Urban, D. L.; Tien, J. S. Smoke Plume Trajectory Over Two-Dimensional Terrain.
McGrattan, K. B.; Trelles, J. J.; Baum, H. R.; Rehm, R. G. Brand Lofting in Large Fire Plumes.
Woycheese, J. P.; Pagni, P. J. Buoyant Flows in Shafts.
Benedict, L.; Zukoski, E. E. Need for the Development of Advanced Computational Methods to Determine Smoke Movement in Large Buildings.
Rizwan-uddin Modeling Hot Layer Development in Structural Fires.
Poole, G. M.; Weckman, E. J.; Strong, A. B. Comparison of Fire Model Predictions With Experiments Conducted in a Hangar With a Ceiling Height of 14.9 m.
Davis, W. D.; Notarianni, K. A.; McGrattan, K. B. Measurements and Prediction of Fire Induced Flow Field.
Zhou, X. C.; Gore, J. P.; Baum, H. R. Phenomenological Model of Near-Field Fire Entrainment.
Cetegen, B. M. Behavior of Periodically Forced Buoyant Plumes.
Cetegen, B. M.; McTeague, J. Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Buoyancy Production Terms in Predicting the Lateral Spread of a Propane Flame.
Ashrafizaadeh, M.; Weckman, E. J.; Strong, A. B. Lagrangian Simulation of Large Fire Plumes.
Ghoniem, A. F.; Lakkis, I. Simple Model of the ISO 9705 Ignition Source.
Janssens, M. L. Microscale Combustion Calorimeter for Determining Flammability Parameters of Materials.
Lyon, R. E.; Walters, R. N. Fire Performance of Phthalonitrile Resins/Composites.
Sastri, S. B.; Armistead, J. P.; Keller, T. M. Structural Performance of Composites at Elevated Temperatures Due to Shipboard Fires.
Sorathia, U.; Beck, C. Full-Scale Test Evaluation of Aircraft Fuel Fire Burnthrough Resistance Improvements.
Marker, T. R.; Sarkos, C. P.; Hill, R. G. Ignitor and Thickness Effects on Upward Flame Spread.
Lee, C. H.; Quintiere, J. G. Experimental Measurements and Numerical Predictions of the Gasification of Finite Thickness Polymers.
Ritchie, S. J.; Kashiwagi, T. Analytical Model of Pyrolysis for a Finite Thickness Sample on a Semi-Infinite Base.
Butler, K. M. Critical Conditions for Extinction and Transient Pyrolysis Decay in Solid Material Fires.
Delichatsios, M. A. Mass Loss Model for Char Forming Polymers.
Lyon, R. E. Laboratory and Mine Scale Evaluation of Smoke Detectors.
Edwards, J. C. Study of Technology for Detecting Pre-Ignition Conditions of Cooking-Related Fires Associated With Electric and Gas Ranges and Cooktops.
Johnsson, E. L. Fire Signatures Provided by Laser Technology Spot Smoke Detectors.
Anderson, D. D. Fourier Transform Infrared Diagnostics for Improved Fire Detection Systems.
Serio, M. A.; Bonanno, A. S.; Knight, K. S.; Newman, J. S. Fire Detection Using Near-IR Radiation and Source Temperature Discrimination.
Sivathanu, Y. R.; Tseng, L. K. Multi-Sensor Smoke Detectors What's Theoretical What's Practical.
Conforti, F. Conditions Permitting the Transport of High Concentrations of Carbon Monoxide in Building Fires.
Lattimer, B. Y.; Vandsburger, U.; Roby, R. J. Laboratory and Field Measurements of Hydrogen Fluoride Produced in Inhibited Flames Using Near-Infrared Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy.
McNesby, K. L.; Daniel, R. G.; Miziolek, A. W.; Modiano, S. H. Distributed Detection for Tomographic Measurements of Component Concentrations in Fire Generated Plumes.
Baum, R. T.; McGrattan, K. B.; Nyden, M. R. Measurement of toxic Gas Production During Inhibition of JP-8 Mist Fireball Explosions Aboard an Armored Combat Vehicle via Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.
Modiano, S. H.; Marsh, P.; Bolt, W.; Herud, C.; Polyanski, S.; McNesby, K. L. 20-L Furnace Test Method to Determine the Combustion Gas Toxicity of conveyor Belts.
DeRosa, M. I. Applications of Molecular Dynamics to the Study of Thermal Degradation in Polymers.
Nyden, M. R. Char Enhancing Approaches to Polymer Flammability: The Effect of Radicals on Magic Angle Spinning 13C NMR of Chars.
Gilman, J. W.; Lomakin, S. M.; Kashiwagi, T.; VanderHart, D. L.; Nagy, V. Combustion of Polymethylmethacrylate Spheres at Normal and Reduced Gravity.
Yang, J. C.; Hamins, A.; Gorchkov, N. N.; Glover, M. Prevention of Surface Fire Growth on Structural Composites.
Ohlemiller, T. J.; Shields, J. R. Issues and Techniques Associated With the Measurement of Properties of Fire Protection Foams.
Gopalnarayana, S.; Floyd, R.; Wang, S.; Stubbs, L.; diMarzo, M. Numerical Model and Experimental Results of Fire Protection Foam Exposed to Heat Radiation.
Boyd, C. F.; diMarzo, M. Numerical Simulation of Fire in an Aircraft Engine Nacelle.
Nicolette, V. F.; Tieszen, S. R.; Gritzo, L. A. Refrigerant Flammability: A New Application of the Opposed-Flow Burner.
Womeldorf, C. A. Initiating and Preventing Fuel Fires in Composite Vehicles.
Finnerty, A. E. Program for the Study of Fire Patterns.
Shanley, J. H., Jr.; Kennedy, P. M. Regulating fire Safety Using Fire Scenarios.
Brannigan, V. M.; Kilpatrick, A. Framework for Fire Risk Assessment of Buildings Based on Performance Based Engineering Analysis.
Delichatsios, M. A.; Karydas, D. M.