Smoke Plume Trajectory From In Situ Burning of Crude Oil: Field Experiments.
Smoke Plume Trajectory From In Situ Burning of Crude
Oil: Field Experiments.
McGrattan, K. B.; Ferek, R. J.; Uthe, E. E.
NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
and Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE).
International Conference on Fire Research and
Engineering (ICFRE). Proceedings. September 10-15,
1995, Orlando, FL, SFPE, Boston, MA, Lund, D. P.;
Angell, E. A., Editor(s)(s), 47-52 pp, 1995.
fire research; crude oil; fire plumes; in situ
combustion; pool fires; smoke; in situ burning
Several regions in the United States are developing
preapproval plans to use in situ burning as a possible
remediation tool for oil spills. To assess the
environmental impact of the smoke plume on human
populations, numerical models have been used to predict
the concentration of particulate matter downwind of a
large fire. In order to assess the accuracy of one of
these models, the NIST Large Eddy Simulations model,
data from three sets of mesoscale burns have been
compared to model simulations run under similar
meteorological conditions. The experimental burns are:
(1) the Newfoundland Offshore Burn Experiment (NOBE),
August 1993; (2) the Alaska Clean Seas Burning of
Emulsions, September 1994, and; (3) the U.S. Coast
Guard/NIST Meso-scale Burn Series, October 1994. The
analysis for the first two experiments is complete, and
the results are presented. In addition to measurements
made far downwind of these burns which were used to
evaluate the model, near-field measurements of
particulate and CO2 are presented.