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Smoke Plume Trajectory From In Situ Burning of Crude Oil: Field Experiments.


pdf icon Smoke Plume Trajectory From In Situ Burning of Crude Oil: Field Experiments. (455 K)
McGrattan, K. B.; Ferek, R. J.; Uthe, E. E.

NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE). International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering (ICFRE). Proceedings. September 10-15, 1995, Orlando, FL, SFPE, Boston, MA, Lund, D. P.; Angell, E. A., Editor(s)(s), 47-52 pp, 1995.

Keywords:

fire research; crude oil; fire plumes; in situ combustion; pool fires; smoke; in situ burning

Abstract:

Several regions in the United States are developing preapproval plans to use in situ burning as a possible remediation tool for oil spills. To assess the environmental impact of the smoke plume on human populations, numerical models have been used to predict the concentration of particulate matter downwind of a large fire. In order to assess the accuracy of one of these models, the NIST Large Eddy Simulations model, data from three sets of mesoscale burns have been compared to model simulations run under similar meteorological conditions. The experimental burns are: (1) the Newfoundland Offshore Burn Experiment (NOBE), August 1993; (2) the Alaska Clean Seas Burning of Emulsions, September 1994, and; (3) the U.S. Coast Guard/NIST Meso-scale Burn Series, October 1994. The analysis for the first two experiments is complete, and the results are presented. In addition to measurements made far downwind of these burns which were used to evaluate the model, near-field measurements of particulate and CO2 are presented.