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Overview of Smoke Control Research.

pdf icon Overview of Smoke Control Research. (1261 K)
Klote, J. H.


ASHRAE Transactions: Symposia, Vol. 101, No. 1, 979-990, 1995.


smoke control; air flow; fire research; fire tests; pressurization; stairwells


In commemoration of the ASHRAE Centennial, this paper is a brief overview of research relating to smoke control. This paper describes many significant smoke control research and related efforts from 1972 to the present. These projects are discussed in this paper with the intent of providing information about smoke control systems and the underlying principles behind them. A secondary goal of the paper is to develop an appreciation of the effort required to advance the technology of these systems. The two main categories of smoke management systems used in buildings are pressurization systems and exhaust systems for atria (and other large spaces). In general, this paper addresses the pressurization systems and related efforts.