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Toxicity Data for Fire Hazard Analysis.


pdf icon Toxicity Data for Fire Hazard Analysis. (342 K)
Gann, R. G.; Babrauskas, V.; Braun, E.; Levin, B. C.; Paabo, M.; Harris, R. H., Jr.; Peacock, R. D.; Yusa, S.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 12th Joint Panel Meeting. October 27-November 2, 1992, Tsukuba, Japan, Building Research Inst., Ibaraki, Japan Fire Research Inst., Tokyo, Japan, 171-177 pp, 1992.

Keywords:

fire safety; fire research; hazard analysis; fire hazard; toxicity; LC 50; animals; rats

Abstract:

A comprehansive methodology has been developed for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for fire hazard analysis. The methodology comprises: determination that the post-flashover fire is the propert focus of smoke inhalation deaths; criteria for a useful bench-scale toxic potency (LC50) measurement method; a method which meets these criteria, especially validation against real-scale fires; a computational procedure for correcting the results for the CO levels observed in real-scale post-flashover fires; procedures for reducing the usage of animals and broadening the applicability of data by interpreting gas measurement data using the N-Gas Model; and a procedure for identifying whether a product produces smoke within the ordinary range of toxic potency for post-flashover fires. The method is currently being developed for standardization by the National Fire Protection Association and the American Society for Testing and Materials.