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Suppression Effectiveness of Extinguishing Agents Under Highly Dynamic Conditions.

pdf icon Suppression Effectiveness of Extinguishing Agents Under Highly Dynamic Conditions. (497 K)
Gmurczyk, G. W.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Lowe, D. L.

International Association for Fire Safety Science. Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. 4th International Symposium. July 13-17, 1994, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Intl. Assoc. for Fire Safety Science, Boston, MA, Kashiwagi, T., Editor(s), 925-936 pp, 1994.


fire research; fire safety; fire science; fire suppression; fire extinguishing agents; predictive models; halon 1301; fire extinguishing agents; dynamic characteristics


Alternatives to halon 1301 are sought which are effective fire suppressing agents and which do not create unacceptable safety, environmental, or systems compatibility problems. Investigations of eleven chemical compounds using a deflagration/detonation tube have revealed a great potential for the technique to study the fire suppression process. The facility is used to evaluate new suppressants, establishing their dynamic characteristics as well as elucidating complex suppression mechanisms occurring in fires under highly dynamic conditions typical of fast turbulent flames, explosions and detonations. A primary feature of the set-up is that the conditions of the ignition event do not affect the suppression process itself. Also, because an agent of interest is premixed with the fuel and air in a section of the tube divorced from the ignition event, the influences of ignition and entrainment of the agent into the flame are minimized. The tube is closed to allow the increase in pressure to influence the gas dynamics and chemistry. The deflagration/detonation tube arrangement has been successfully employed to clearly discriminate among the dynamic characteristics of the eleven alternative agents, revealing new unexpected effects. The results have been used to help select among the alternatives for full-scale testing in simulated aircraft dry bay fires.