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Smoke Plume Trajectory From In Situ Burning of Crude Oil in Alaska.


pdf icon Smoke Plume Trajectory From In Situ Burning of Crude Oil in Alaska. (406 K)
McGrattan, K. B.; Baum, H. R.; Rehm, R. G.

NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.

Environment Canada. Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar, 17th Proceedings. Volume 1. June 8-10, 1994, Vancouver, British Columbia, 725-733 pp, 1994.

Sponsor:

Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, Juneau, AK

Keywords:

curde oil; oil spills; in situ combustion; pool fires; smoke; fire plumes; smoke measurement; in situ burning

Abstract:

Experimentation, analysis, and modeling have been performed to predict the downwind dispersion of smoke resulting from in situ burning of oil spills in Alaska. Laboratory burns of North Slope and Cook Inlet crude oils as well as mesoscale experiments performed at the U.S. Coast Guard Fire and Safety Test Detachment in Mobile, Alabama have provided input data for the LES (Large Eddy Simulation) plume trajectory model. A number of different fire sizes and weather conditions were considered with the aim of predicting the extent to which concentrations of smoke particulate matter would exceed ambient air quality standards. The model was also applied to the Newfoundland Offshore Burn Experiment (NOBE), where a comparison has been made between the model prediction and measurements of the smoke plume taken from an aircraft.