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Progress Report on U.S. Research on Materials and Test Methods.

pdf icon Progress Report on U.S. Research on Materials and Test Methods. (744 K)
Kashiwagi, T.; Babrauskas, V.

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 12th Joint Panel Meeting. October 27-November 2, 1992, Tsukuba, Japan, Building Research Inst., Ibaraki, Japan Fire Research Inst., Tokyo, Japan, 242-254 pp, 1992.


fire safety; fire research; test methods; heat release rate; ignition; flame spread; smoke; toxic products


Two important recent trends which have started to affect the materials aspects of fire are non-halogenated flame retardant treatments and polymer recycling. Brominated flame retardants have gained a major position in the worldwide plastics industry. To meet today's requirements in the electronic and electrical equipment industries, virtually every plastic requires flame retardancy. Due to negative publicly about dioxin and furan as possible degradation products, these retardants have received a negative public perception in Europe. Some regulations on the use of certain types of these flame retardants will be introduced within the next several years. Although the use of halogenated flame retardants is still showing an upward trend, some concerns have been raised and there is a definite trend to seek alternatives for halogenated flame retardants. The possible introduction of future test methods on corrosivity of combustion products, as discussed in the Test Method Section, might further affect the use of halogenated flame retardants.