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Overview Publication: STP 1233 Fire and Flammability of Furnishings and Contents of Buildings.


pdf icon Overview Publication: STP 1233 Fire and Flammability of Furnishings and Contents of Buildings. (192 K)
Fowell, A. J.

; 3 p. 1994.

Keywords:

flammability; interior furnishings; wall linings; building fires; furniture; linings; occupants

Abstract:

The severity and impact of building fires is dictated by the flammability of the furnishings and contents, the performance of fire protection systems, and the actions of occupants and firefighters. Furnishings are the items first ignited in a large fraction of building fires including those fires responsible for many of the fire deaths in the United States. A primary tool used to limit fire growth in buildings is regulation of wall and ceiling materials, based on standard tests of the flammability and fire resistance. The development, revision, and approval of fire tests standards has been a role of ASTM Committee E5 on Fire Standards. Recent advances in fire science and engineering have led to the development of computer models to predict the development of fire in buildings and new measurement methods to provide input data for those models. These analytical tools have highlighted the importance of ignitability, heat release, and flame spread rate of furnishings and contents on the growth of fire. Other scientific advances, particularly in the United States and in Europe on material flammability, are resulting in products such as upholstered furniture, mattresses, curtains, drapes, wall, and floor covering materials which will reduce the incidence, severity, and impact of building fires.