Mathematical Modeling of Human Egress From Fires in Residential Buildings.
Mathematical Modeling of Human Egress From Fires in
Kostreva, M. M.
NIST GCR 94-643; 96 p. June 1994.
Fire Technology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 338-340, Third Quarter
Sponsor:National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Available from: National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB94-193778
residential buildings; mathematical models; egress;
computer models; fire models; fire research; hazard
assessment; human behavior
Models for predicting human egress in fires have been
developed in parallel with those that predict
environmental conditions which occur as a fire develops
and spreads. Mathematical models which find optimal
and/or Pareto optimal (non-dominated) paths for human
egress in fires are presented. These optimal paths may
serve as multiple functions. In addition to gaining
insight into expected and desired actions in fires, such
predictions can serve as the basis for directing egress
during building evacuation. Optimal paths may serve as a
standard against with other heuistically generated paths
may be evaluated.