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Mathematical Modeling of Human Egress From Fires in Residential Buildings.


pdf icon Mathematical Modeling of Human Egress From Fires in Residential Buildings. (3513 K)
Kostreva, M. M.

NIST GCR 94-643; 96 p. June 1994.

Fire Technology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 338-340, Third Quarter 1994.

Sponsor:

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB94-193778

Keywords:

residential buildings; mathematical models; egress; computer models; fire models; fire research; hazard assessment; human behavior

Abstract:

Models for predicting human egress in fires have been developed in parallel with those that predict environmental conditions which occur as a fire develops and spreads. Mathematical models which find optimal and/or Pareto optimal (non-dominated) paths for human egress in fires are presented. These optimal paths may serve as multiple functions. In addition to gaining insight into expected and desired actions in fires, such predictions can serve as the basis for directing egress during building evacuation. Optimal paths may serve as a standard against with other heuistically generated paths may be evaluated.