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Investigation of Oil and Gas Well Fires and Flares. Final Report.

pdf icon Investigation of Oil and Gas Well Fires and Flares. Final Report. (2524 K)
Dutta, P.; Sivathanu, Y. R.; Gore, J. P.

NIST GCR 94-653; NIST SP 995; Volume 2; 68 p. June 1994.


National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB94-193976


oil well fires; fire research; heat flux; jet flames; fire safety; pool fires; fire spread; industrial safety


A theoretical and experimental study of jet flames with applications to large fires resulting from oil well and gas well accidents is reported. The results have been used in the interpretation of the single point radiation heat flux data collected around well fires in Kuwait. The significant accomplishments during the grant include: development of a technique to find total radiative heat flow from turbulent jet flames based on measurements of heat flux at a single location; design and successful operation of an effervescent atomizer/burner; study of global properties of the high liquid loading jet flames have shown that their lengths are affected by two-phase flow effects and that their soot loading and radiant output is lower than equivalent pool flames. The first time opportunity to study high liquid loading jet flames in the laboratory has led to a study with applications in the industrial safety and insurance-cost containment areas. Design of liquid handling and storage systems, areas around storage tanks and pipes, and fire safety and fire fighting procedures and effectiveness will benefit from the laboratory information concerning fire size, shape and radiant output.