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Human Factors Considerations for the Potential Use of Elevators for Fire Evacuation of FAA Air Traffic Control Towers.


pdf icon Human Factors Considerations for the Potential Use of Elevators for Fire Evacuation of FAA Air Traffic Control Towers. (1414 K)
Levin, B. M.; Groner, N. E.

NIST GCR 94-656; NIST SP 983; 23 p. August 1994.

Collected Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires. NIST SP 983. May 2002, Bukowski, R. W.; Burgess, S. R.; Reneke, P.A., Editor(s)(s), 2002.

Sponsor:

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Available from:

TO VIEW NIST SP 983 GO TO
Website: http://wtc.nist.gov/pubs/elevators
Order number: PB94-217163

Keywords:

air traffic control; building fires; elevators (lifts); emergencies; evacuation; fire research; handicapped; human behavior; life safety; occupants

Abstract:

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is interested in the possibility of using elevators for evacuation of air traffic control towers during fire emergencies. Assuming that the FAA could design, install, and maintain elevators that could safely be used by tower occupants during fire evacuations, it would be important to study a number of human factor considerations. This report, which is partly based on interviews of occupants in thirteen FAA towers, discusses these issues. Given the fact that there has been a 20 year campaign to discourage elevator use during fire emergencies, most interviewees indicated a willingness to use such elevators as a backup mode of escape with some reluctance. The controls in the elevator would not need any major modification but a special communication system would be needed. Fire emergency plans and training are important to assure proper use of the proposed system and confidence in the safety it provides.