NIST Time|NIST Home|About NIST|Contact NIST

HomeAll Years:AuthorKeywordTitle2005-2010:AuthorKeywordTitle

Carbon Monoxide Production in Compartment Fires: Full-Scale Enclosure Burns.


pdf icon Carbon Monoxide Production in Compartment Fires: Full-Scale Enclosure Burns. (183 K)
Bryner, N. P.; Johnsson, E. L.; Pitts, W. M.

NISTIR 5499; September 1994.

National Institute of Standards and Technology. Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 17-20, 1994, Gaithersburg, MD, 53-54 pp, 1994.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB95-104964

Keywords:

fire research; carbon monoxide; compartment fires; large scale fire tests; enclosures; generation; natural gas

Abstract:

Recent studies attribute a large percentage of fire injuries and deaths to the generation of carbon monoxide (CO) and indicate that in roughly two-thirds of the fire deaths the fire victims have fatal or incapacitating levels of carboxyhemoglobin in their blood. A series of natural-gas fires within reduced- and full-scale rooms have been designed to improve the understanding of and to develop a predictive capability for CO formation in compartment fires. The findings will be used in realistic fire models and in the development of strategies for reducing the number of deaths attributed to carbon monoxide.