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Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 17-20, 1994.


pdf icon Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 17-20, 1994. (11102 K)
Smith, S. B., Editor

NISTIR 5499; 180 p. September 1994.

National Institute of Standards and Technology. Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. October 17-20, 1994, Gaithersburg, MD, 1994.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB95-104964

Keywords:

fire research; fire suppression; halocarbons; fire hazard; fire risk; fire data; water; pool fires; fire chemistry; combustion physics; combustion; soot; flame spread; fire plumes

Abstract:

The NIST Annual Conference on Fire Research has long been the prime forum for presentation and discussion of the latest advances in the science of fire and the engineering of fire safety. Hundreds of billions of dollars of products and services are involved in fire safety decisions each year. New technology is changing the way those products are developed, manufactured, evaluated, and used. This conference enables all interested parties to hear of and discuss advances in fire science, with the intent of stimulating (a) new products that are more fire-safe and (b) new ways to capture that value in the ways products are tested and approved for use. The conference scope includes all fire research performed within Federal laboratories or sponsored by Federal agencies, as well as work from laboratories around the world.

Selected Papers

Flame Suppression Effectiveness of Halon Alternatives.
Grosshandler, W. L.; Hamins, A. Suppression of Simulated Engine Nacelle Fires.
Hamins, A.; Baghdadi, D.; Borthwick, P.; Glover, M. P.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Lowe, D. L.; Melton, L.; Presser, C. Halon 1301 Surrogates for Engine Nacelle Fire Suppression System Certification.
Womeldorf, C. A.; Yang, J. C.; Grosshandler, W. L. Pipe Flow Characteristics of Alternative Agent/Nitrogen Mixtures.
Cleary, T. G.; King, M. D.; Yang, J. C.; Grosshandler, W. L. Measurements of Some Thermodynamic Properties of Alternative Agent/Nitrogen Mixtures.
Vazquez, I.; Boyer, C.; Breuel, B. D.; Weber, L.; Huber, M. L.; Yang, J. C. Experimental Studies on Discharge of Alternative Agent/Nitrogen Mixtures in a Simulated Dry Bay.
Yang, J. C.; Cleary, T. G.; McLane, R.; Grosshandler, W. L. Burning Rate of Premixed Methane-Air Flames Inhibited by Fluorinated Hydrocarbons. [Abstract Only]
Linteris, G. T.; Truett, L. Laminar Flame Speeds of CF3H-Propane-Air Mixtures at Elevated Pressures.
Hochgreb, S.; Hsin, Y. E.; Linteris, G. T. Acid Gas Production in Inhibited Premixed Flames.
Linteris, G. T.; King, M. D.; Liu, A. Dynamics of Fast Flames, Detonations and Their Suppression in C2H4/Air and C3H8/Air Premixed Systems.
Gmurczyk, G. W.; Grosshandler, W. L. Fire Growth Rates in Structural Fires.
Poole, G. M.; Weckman, E. J.; Strong, A. B. Fire Data Management System, FDMS 2.0.
Portier, R. W. Engineering Algorithm for the Estimation of Carbon Monoxide Generation in Enclosure Fires.
Pitts, W. M. Carbon Monoxide Production in Compartment Fires: Full-Scale Enclosure Burns.
Bryner, N. P.; Johnsson, E. L.; Pitts, W. M. Next Generation Fire Suppression Technology: A Research Strategy and Plan.
Gann, R. G. Suppression Within a Simulated Computer Cabinet Using an External Water Spray.
Grosshandler, W. L.; Lowe, D. L.; Notarianni, K. A.; Rinkinen, W. J. Pool Burning of Silicone Fluids.
Buch, R. R.; Hamins, A.; Shields, J. R.; Borthwick, P.; Baum, R. T.; Nyden, M. R.; Kashiwagi, T. Effects of a Floor on the Entrainment Flow Field Induced by a Pool Fire.
Zhou, X. C.; Gore, J. P. Fire-Induced Mass Flow Into a Reduced-Scale Enclosure.
Johnsson, E. L.; Bryner, N. P.; Pitts, W. M. Overview of a Theory for Simulating Smoke Movement Through Long Vertical Shafts in Zone-Type Fire Models.
Cooper, L. Y. Thermal Decomposition Chemistry of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol): Char Characterization.
Gilman, J. W.; Kashiwagi, T.; VanderHart, D. L. Effect of Gas Phase Oxygen on Chain Scission and Monomer Content in Bulk Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Degraded by External Thermal Radiation.
Brown, J. E.; Kashiwagi, T. Behavior of Charring Solids Under Fire-Level Heat Fluxes.
Milosavljevic, I.; Suuberg, E. M. Three-Dimensional Kinetic Model for the Swelling of Intumescent Materials.
Butler, K. M.; Baum, H. R.; Kashiwagi, T. Model for the Burning of a Horizontal Slab of Wood: Status Report.
Steckler, K. D.; Hamins, A.; Kashiwagi, T. Synthesis, Characterization, and Systematic Fire Safety Evaluation of High Volume and Specialty Hydrolytically Stable Phosphine Oxide Containing Polymeric Materials.
McGrath, J. E.; Yoon, T. H.; Knauss, D.; Yuan, I. W. Effect of Ignition Location on Heat Release Rate of Burning Upholstered Furniture.
Mitler, H. E.; Tu, K. M. Experimental Study of the Optical Properties of Soot and Smoke.
Choi, M. Y.; Mulholland, G. W.; Hamins, A.; Kashiwagi, T. Soot Kinetics/Radiation Interactions in Methane/Air Diffusion Flames.
Sivathanu, Y. R.; Gore, J. P. Computational Evaluation of an Approximate Theory for the Optical Properties of Soot.
Koylu, U. O.; Faeth, G. M.; Farias, T. L.; Carvalho, M. G. Light Scattering Studies of Fractal Soot Aggregates in Flames.
Sorensen, C. M. Soot Production in Flickering Methane, Propane, and Ethylene Diffusion Flames.
Shaddix, C. R.; Smyth, K. C. Measurement of Soot Oxidation in Post Flame Gases.
Tolocka, M. P.; Miller, J. H. Review of Measurements and Candidate Signatures for Early Fire Detection. [ABSTRACT ONLY]
Grosshandler, W. L. FT-IR Based System for Fire Detection.
Serio, M. A.; Bonanno, A. S.; Knight, K. S.; Newman, J. S. Design of a Prototype Video-Based Fire Detection System.
Bakkom, A. W.; Richards, R. F.; Plumb, O. A. Large-Scale Experiments of Fire Signatures to Develop a Discriminating Fire Detector.
Milke, J. A.; Hagen, B. C.; McAvoy, T. J.; Pan, D. Simulating the Effect of Sloped Beamed Ceilings on Detector and Sprinkler Response.
Davis, W. D.; Forney, G. P.; Bukowski, R. W. Similarity of Turbulent Wall Fires.
deRis, J.; Orloff, L. PHI-Meter: A Fuel-Independent Instrument for Monitoring Combustion Equivalence Ratio.
Mulholland, G. W.; Babrauskas, V.; Parker, W. J.; Twilley, W. H. Self-Preserving Round Buoyant Turbulent Plumes: Implications for Turbulence Models.
Dai, Z.; Tseng, L. K.; Faeth, G. M. Simulation of a Jet Diffusion Flame Using Lagrangian Thermal Elements.
Ezekoye, O. A.; Zhang, Z.