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Assessing the Flammability of Composite Materials.

pdf icon Assessing the Flammability of Composite Materials. (688 K)
Ohlemiller, T. J.; Cleary, T. G.; Brown, J. E.; Shields, J. R.

Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference, 39th. September 16-17, 1992, Plymouth, MA, 1992.

Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 4, 308-319, July/August 1993.


Naval Surface Weapons Center, Annapolis, MD


composite materials; flammability; ignition source; bulkheads; heat release rate; flame spread


Composite materials offer the potential for substantial weight savings in the structure of both surface ships and submarines. However, the organic nature of the binder resins in these materials implies that one would be replacing non-flammable materials (aluminum, steel) with materials that could possibly contribute to a fire. This points to a critical need for methods which allow reliable prediction of the extent of fire involvement which a given material may exhibit in a particular application. There are numerous aspects of this which must ultimately be considered; these range from the strength of the composite under a fire heat load to potential toxicity and corrosivity of the fire gases.