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In-Situ Burning of Oil Spills: Mesoscale Experiments.


pdf icon In-Situ Burning of Oil Spills: Mesoscale Experiments. (3999 K)
Walton, W. D.

NISTIR 5266; NIST SP 995; Volume 2; 62 p. November 1993.

Sponsor:

Minerals Management Service, Herndon, VA

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Fax: 703-605-6900; Rush Service (Telephone Orders Only) 800-553-6847;
Website: http://www.ntis.gov
Order number: PB94-142973

Keywords:

oil spills; burning rate; crude oil; fire tests; heat release rate; particle size distribution; plumes; pool fires; smoke yield; water sprays; in situ burning; regression rate

Abstract:

In 1991 a series of 14 mesoscale fire experiments were performed to measure the burning characteristics of crude oil on salt water. These oil burns in a pan ranged in size from 6 m square to 15 m square. Results of the measurements for burning rate, oil temperature, water temperature, smoke particle size distribution, smoke plume trajectory, and smoke particulate yeild are provided. The burning rate as indicated by the regression rate of the oil surface was found to be 0.055 + 0.005 mm/s and smoke particulate yeilds were found to be approximately 0.13 of the oil burned on a mass basis.