Test Methods for Quantifying the Propensity of Cigarettes to Ignite Soft Furnishings. Volume 2. [Also included is: Cigarette Extinction Test Method.]
Test Methods for Quantifying the Propensity of
Cigarettes to Ignite Soft Furnishings. Volume 2. [Also
included is: Cigarette Extinction Test Method.]
Ohlemiller, T. J.; Villa, K. M.; Braun, E.; Eberhardt,
K. R.; Harris, R. H., Jr.; Lawson, J. R.; Gann, R. G.
NIST SP 851; Volume 2; 166 p. August 1993.
Order number: PB94-108644
cigarettes; test methods; ignition; upholstered
furniture; statistical analysis; self-extinguishment
Research funded under the Fire Safe Cigarette Act of
1990 (P.L. 101-352) has led to the development of two
test methods for measuring the ignition propensity of
cigarettes. The Mock-Up Ignition Test Method uses
substrated physically similar to upholstered furniture
and mattresses: a layer of fabric over padding. The
measure of cigarette performance is ignition or
non-ignition of the substrate. The Cigarette Extinction
Test Method replaces the fabric/padding assembly with
multiple layers of common filter paper. The measure of
performance is full-length burning or
self-extinguishment of the cigarette. Routine
measurement of the relative ignition propensity of
cigarettes is feasible using either of the two methods.
Improved cigarette performance under both methods has
been linked with reduced real-world ignition behavior;
and it is reasonable to assume that this, in turn,
implies a significant real-world benefit. Both methods
have been subjected to interlaboratory study. The
resulting reproducibilities were comparable to each
other and comparable to those in other fire test methods
currently being used to regulate materials which may be
involved in unwanted fires. Using the two methods, some
current commercial cigarettes are shown to have reduced
ignition propensities relative to the current
best-selling cigarettes. [*] This is one of six volumes
in the Final Report, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990.
VOLUME 1. Overview: Practicability of Developing a
Performance Standard to Reduce Cigarette Ignition
Propensity by Jones-Smith, J., et al. VOLUME 3.
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette
by Mitler, H. E., et al. VOLUME 4. Cigarette Fire
Incident Study by Harwood, B., et al. VOLUME 5.
Toxicity Testing Plan by Lee, B. C., et al. VOLUME 6.
Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires by Ray, D. R., et al.