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Application of FTIR Remote Sensing Spectroscopy in Environmental Impact Assessments of Oil Fires.


pdf icon Application of FTIR Remote Sensing Spectroscopy in Environmental Impact Assessments of Oil Fires. (572 K)
Nyden, M. R.; Grosshandler, W. L.; Lowe, D. L.; Harris, R. H., Jr.; Braun, E.

Air and Waste Management Association. Optical Sensing for Environmental Monitoring (SP89). International Specialty Conference Proceedings. October 11-14, 1993, Atlanta, GA, Air and Waste Management Assoc., Pittsburgh, PA, 767-779 pp, 1993.

Keywords:

oil spills; FT-IR; benzene; environmental effects; spectroscopy; crude oil; evaporation; combustion; sand

Abstract:

A series of laboratory measurements was conducted to determine the extent to which benzene and other aromatic components are destroyed when crude oil is burned on the open seas. The atmosphere above a pan containing Alaskan North Slope crude oil was monitored with a remote sensing FTIR spectrometer during both evaporation and burning. This data was used in conjunction with gas chromatographic analyses of the oil obtained before ignition and after the fire was extinguished (by covering the pan with a marinite slab) to estimate the C6H6 destruction efficiency of the oil fire. The results of these laboratory measurements are viewed in the context of data collected during mesoscale oil fires conducted at Little Sand Island in Mobile, Alabama.