Modeling Smoke Movement Through Compartmented Structures.
Modeling Smoke Movement Through Compartmented
Jones, W. W.
Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference, 39th.
September 16-17, 1992, Plymouth, MA, 1992 AND
U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural
Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 12th Joint
Panel Meeting. October 27-November 2, 1992, Tsukuba,
Japan, Building Research Inst., Ibaraki, Japan, Fire
Research Inst., Tokyo, Japan, 34-41 pp, 1992.
Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, 172-183,
smoke; compartment fires; fire growth; mathematical
models; numerical models; room fires; toxicity
This paper describes a model of fire growth and smoke
transport for compartmented structures, with emphasis on
those aspects which are important to making correct
predictions of smoke movement in multicompartment
structures. In particular, we are interested in the
ability to model the movement of toxic gases from the
room of origin of a fire to a distant compartment. The
newest phenomena in the model are vertical flow and
mechanical ventilation. Finally, we have improved the
radiation transport scheme which affects energy
distribution, and therefore the buoyancy forces. These
are very important in a actual situations relevant to
fire growth and smoke propagation, as is demonstrated.