Flammability Characterization With the LIFT Apparatus and the Cone Calorimeter.
Flammability Characterization With the LIFT Apparatus
and the Cone Calorimeter.
Cleary, T. G.
Fire Retardant Chemicals Association. Technical and
Marketing Issues Impacting the Fire Safety of Building
and Construction and Home Furnishings Applications.
Spring Conference, 1992. March 29-April 1, 1992,
Orlando, FL, Technomic Publishing Co., Lancaster, PA,
99-115 pp, 1992.
fire retardants; fire safety; construction; cone
calorimeters; flammability; ignition; flame spread; heat
release rate; solids
Two small-scale test apparatuses, the LIFT apparatus and
the Cone Calorimeter provide ignitability, flame spread,
and heat release rate data for combustible solid
materials. Data gathered with these apparatuses can be
reduced to a limited number of key flammability or fire
properties for a particular material. These key
properties, in conjunction with the appropriate
modelling equations, characterize the time to ignition,
flame spread rate, and heat release rate over the range
of applicable heating conditions and surface
temperatures likely in full-scale fires. These key
properties may be used as input parameters in a fire
model that predicts flame spread and heat release rates
for certain full-scale fire scenarios.