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Flammability Characterization With the LIFT Apparatus and the Cone Calorimeter.


pdf icon Flammability Characterization With the LIFT Apparatus and the Cone Calorimeter. (359 K)
Cleary, T. G.

Fire Retardant Chemicals Association. Technical and Marketing Issues Impacting the Fire Safety of Building and Construction and Home Furnishings Applications. Spring Conference, 1992. March 29-April 1, 1992, Orlando, FL, Technomic Publishing Co., Lancaster, PA, 99-115 pp, 1992.

Keywords:

fire retardants; fire safety; construction; cone calorimeters; flammability; ignition; flame spread; heat release rate; solids

Abstract:

Two small-scale test apparatuses, the LIFT apparatus and the Cone Calorimeter provide ignitability, flame spread, and heat release rate data for combustible solid materials. Data gathered with these apparatuses can be reduced to a limited number of key flammability or fire properties for a particular material. These key properties, in conjunction with the appropriate modelling equations, characterize the time to ignition, flame spread rate, and heat release rate over the range of applicable heating conditions and surface temperatures likely in full-scale fires. These key properties may be used as input parameters in a fire model that predicts flame spread and heat release rates for certain full-scale fire scenarios.