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Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Elevators in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans.


pdf icon Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Elevators in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans. (752 K)
Groner, N. E.; Levin, B. M.

NIST GCR 92-615; NIST SP 983; 61 p. August 1992.

Collected Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires. NIST SP 983. May 2002, Bukowski, R. W.; Burgess, S. R.; Reneke, P. A., Editor(s)(s), 2002.

Sponsor:

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Available from:

TO VIEW NIST SP 983 GO TO
Website: http://wtc.nist.gov/pubs/elevators
Order number: PB92-238641

Keywords:

human factors engineering; elevators (lifts); evacuation; fire protection; handicapped; high rise buildings; human behavior; office buildings; occupants

Abstract:

If elevators could be safely used in fire emergencies, the safety of building occupants with mobility limitations could be greatly enhanced and the time for all occupants to evacuate might be reduced. This report covers a study of human factors considerations related to the possible use of elevators for evacuations in fire emergencies. It covers the selection of the fundamental approach to organizing elevator evacuations for specific buildings; the coordination and direction of the evacuation; the decision-making, information and communication needs to permit a coordinated evacuation; and the documentation, manning and training requirements to permit a proper implementation of the fire emergency plan.