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Study on Combustion Property of Crude Oil--A Joint Study Between NIST/CFR and FRI.


pdf icon Study on Combustion Property of Crude Oil--A Joint Study Between NIST/CFR and FRI. (494 K)
Koseki, H.; Mulholland, G. W.; Jin, T.

NISTIR 4449;

U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 11th Joint Panel Meeting. October 19-24, 1989, Berkeley, CA, Jason, N. H.; Cramer, D. M., Editor(s)(s), 96-104 pp, 1990.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service

Keywords:

crude oil; combustion; burning rate; smoke emissions; carbon monoxide; temperature; pool fires; carbon dioxide; boiling point; boilover

Abstract:

In order to understand the combustion properties of crude oil pool fires, an experimental study was done in Fire Research Institute (FRI) large scale test facility. The radiative output, burning rate, and the concentrations of CO, CO2, and smoke (above the flame tip) were measured during the burning of Arabian light crude oil. Several different size tanks were used to study the scale effect. Crude oil burned less rapidly and gave off less thermal radiation compared with heptane, but when water boiling occurred the burning rate and thermal radiation increased by a factor of two or more. Water boiling is a kind of boilover phenomenon and which intensity is most related with tank size and fuel layer thickness.