Study on Combustion Property of Crude Oil--A Joint Study Between NIST/CFR and FRI.
Study on Combustion Property of Crude Oil--A Joint Study
Between NIST/CFR and FRI.
Koseki, H.; Mulholland, G. W.; Jin, T.
U.S./Japan Government Cooperative Program on Natural
Resources (UJNR). Fire Research and Safety. 11th Joint
Panel Meeting. October 19-24, 1989, Berkeley, CA,
Jason, N. H.; Cramer, D. M., Editor(s)(s), 96-104 pp,
Available from: National Technical Information Service
crude oil; combustion; burning rate; smoke emissions;
carbon monoxide; temperature; pool fires; carbon
dioxide; boiling point; boilover
In order to understand the combustion properties of
crude oil pool fires, an experimental study was done in
Fire Research Institute (FRI) large scale test facility.
The radiative output, burning rate, and the
concentrations of CO, CO2, and smoke (above the flame
tip) were measured during the burning of Arabian light
crude oil. Several different size tanks were used to
study the scale effect. Crude oil burned less rapidly
and gave off less thermal radiation compared with
heptane, but when water boiling occurred the burning
rate and thermal radiation increased by a factor of two
or more. Water boiling is a kind of boilover phenomenon
and which intensity is most related with tank size and
fuel layer thickness.