Nylons: A Review of the Literature on Products of Combustion and Toxicity.
Nylons: A Review of the Literature on Products of
Combustion and Toxicity.
Braun, E.; Levin, B. C.
NBSIR 85-3280; 88 p. February 1986.
Fire and Materials, Vol. 11, No. 2, 71-88, June 1987.
Sponsor:Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC
Available from: National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB86-189883
combustion products; literature reviews; nylon;
pyrolysis; thermal decomposition; toxicity; thermal
The literature on polyamides was reviewed to determine
the nature and extent of information available on these
materials which are commonly used in consumer and
industrial applications. This review was limited to
aliphatic polyamides normally called nylon and excludes
aromatic polyamides such as Nomex and bicomponent
polymers consisting of nylon and other polymers. The
review was further limited to those publications
inEnglish through June 1984. Typical pyrolysis products
from a broad range of nylons do not appear to differ
greatly. Many of the decomposition products detected in
vacuum pyrolysis experiments appear as products of
thermal degradation in inert and air atmospheres. In
air, a general reduction in the quantities of heavier
hydrocarbons is noted along with an increase in the
production of CO, CO(2), H(2)O, NH(3), HCN, and NO(x).