Evaluation of Furniture-Fire Hazard Using a Hazard-Assessment Computer Model.
Evaluation of Furniture-Fire Hazard Using a
Hazard-Assessment Computer Model.
Bukowski, R. W.
Fire and Materials, Vol. 9, No. 4, 159-166, December
furniture; fire hazards; computer models
The Center for Fire Research Fire (Toxic)
Hazard-Assessment computer model was used to evaluate
the potential for hazard reduction by the modification
of the combustion properties of upholstered furniture
items in a residential occupancy. The potential benefits
of these modifications are compared with the effects of
variations in room size and construction to determine if
they would be realized across a range of housing sizes
and types. The results demonstrate the greatest benefit
by the reduction of the mass loss (burning) rate of the
item regardless of room size and even if the means used
to reduce the burning rate results in an increase in
smoke production and material toxicity. These results
are intended as an indicator of potentially beneficial
directions for further research and should not be taken
as conclusive evidence of fact without experimental