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Analysis of Smoldering Fires in Closed Compartments and Their Hazard Due to Carbon Monoxide.


pdf icon Analysis of Smoldering Fires in Closed Compartments and Their Hazard Due to Carbon Monoxide. (1896 K)
Quintiere, J. G.; Birky, M. M.; McDonald, F.; Smith, G.

NBSIR 82-2556; 42 p. July 1982.

Fire and Materials, Vol. 6, No. 3-4, 99-110, September-December 1982.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB82-257684

Keywords:

building fires; carbon monoxide; compartment fires; smoldering; oxygen consumption

Abstract:

A review was made of smoldering fire experiments conducted in closed room and buildings. The results were summarized by tabulating maximum levels of CO, the time integral of CO concentration ("dose"), CO2, temperature rise and oxygen consumption. A hazard time based on the attainment of a CO dose equal to 4.5% CO-minutes and the time for transition to flaming were also tabulated. The likelihood of reaching a critical CO condition during smoldering seems to be comparable to the likelihood of having transition to flaming occur. A theoretical model, requiring inputs of CO production rate and energy release rate, was executed an compared with available data. The theoretical results for CO concentration as a function of time were in good agreement with the experimental data. The model offers a means of extrapolating test data to compartments of various size in order to assess the general hazard of CO due to smoldering.