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Elevators as a Means of Fire Escape.


pdf icon Elevators as a Means of Fire Escape. (518 K)
Klote, J. H.

NBSIR 82-2507; NIST SP 983; 37 p. May 2002.

Collected Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires. NIST SP 983. May 2002, Bukowski, R. W.; Burgess, S. R.; Reneke, P. A., Editor(s)(s), 2002.

American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers Transactions, Vol. 89, No. 2, 1-16, 1983.

Sponsor:

Veterans Administration, Washington, DC

Available from:

TO VIEW NIST SP 983 GO TO
Website: http://wtc.nist.gov/pubs/elevators
Order number: PB82-230269

Keywords:

elevators (lifts); evacuation; building fires; egress; handicapped; pressurization; smoke control; stairwells

Abstract:

This paper is the initial report of an ongoing project at NBS to investigate the use of elevators as a means of fire escape for the handicapped. The use of stairwells for fire evacuation poses a problem for people who cannot use stairs because of physical disabilities. This paper discusses some of the major problems associated with the use of elevators as a means of fire exit and proposes a conceptual solution to those problems. A report is made on field test of four buildings with elevator protection systems. These protection systems and their interactions with other systems are examined.