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Smoke as a Determinant of Human Behavior in Fire Situations (Project People). Final Report.


pdf icon Smoke as a Determinant of Human Behavior in Fire Situations (Project People). Final Report. (12173 K)
Bryan, J. L.

NBS GCR 77-94; 304 p. June 30, 1977.

Sponsor:

National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD
Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Washington, DC

Available from:

National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB-271755

Keywords:

building fires; egress; fire alarms systems; fire incidents; fire investigations; fires; human behavior; project planning; residential buildings; smoke; statistical analysis; occupants

Abstract:

This study involved the interviewing of 584 occupants of buildings on fire by fire department officials at the scene of the fire incident. The analysis and study of the interview data involved the determination of the critical variables relative to the fire incident (e.g. area of fire origin), participant population parameters (e.g. location at time of awareness there was a fire) and the first, second and third actions of the particpants after becoming aware of the fire incident. Statistical analysis were performed showing the relationship among the variables. Results were compared with those of a similar study conducted in England by Wood. The results of the two studies were in general agreement, with the differences in larger part explainable by the larger percentage of residential fires in this study.