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Evaluation of Fire Properties of Generic Gypsum Board Products.


pdf icon Evaluation of Fire Properties of Generic Gypsum Board Products. (8950 K)
Lawson, J. R.

NBSIR 77-1265; 25 p. August 1977.
Order number: PB-271097

Keywords:

fire tests; gypsum; potential heat

Abstract:

An evaluation of the fire properties of generic gypsum board products was made in order to obtain a better understanding of the material's reaction to a fire environment. These gypsum board products are typically used in wall and ceiling assemblies throughout the United States. Four small-scale fire test methods were used in the examination of the materials' fire properties. The tests conducted were for potential heat, ease of ignition by flame impingement, rate of heat release, and rate of flame spread. All of these properties are of major importance in the design of a building. The influence the potential rate of fire growth in a room. Standard fire test methods were used for the development of data on rate of flame spread and potential hat characteristics. The ease of ignition and rate of heat release characteristics were determined by fire tests recently developed at the National Bureau of Standards. Test results showed that the potential heat for the materials examined ranged from 510 J/g (220 Btu/lb) to 2670 J/g (1150 Btu/lb). The ingitability of the materials spanned from 42 to 171 seconds, while the peak heat release averages ranged from a 2.5 to 4.8 W/cm(2) on an unpiloted 4 W/cm(2) exposure and 3.9 to 8.2 W/cm(2) on an unpiloted 6 W/cm(2) exposure. This flame spread index for the materials ranged from 8 to 38.