Field Investigation of Residential Smoke Detectors. Final Report.
Field Investigation of Residential Smoke Detectors.
Bukowski, R. W.
NBSIR 76-1126; 45 p. November 1976.
Fire Journal, Vol. 71, No. 2, 18,21-30,41, March 1977.
Available from: National Technical Information Service
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detector sensitivity; escape; fire tests; heat
detectors; building fires; residential buildings; smoke
A test program was undertaken to evaluate the effect of
sensitivity and placement of residential smoke detectors
on their response to fires in homes. The tests were
conducted in two homes scheduled for demolition and used
actual furnishings in typical configurations. In
addition to the detector response times, the homes were
highly instrumented with data on smoke, temperature, and
gas concentration measured for all tests. The tests
showed that smoke detectors can be highly effective in
providing adequate warning of a fire before conditions
in the home become dangerous.