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Field Investigation of Residential Smoke Detectors. Final Report.


pdf icon Field Investigation of Residential Smoke Detectors. Final Report. (1639 K)
Bukowski, R. W.

NBSIR 76-1126; 45 p. November 1976.

Fire Journal, Vol. 71, No. 2, 18,21-30,41, March 1977.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
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Order number: PB-260878

Keywords:

detector sensitivity; escape; fire tests; heat detectors; building fires; residential buildings; smoke detectors

Abstract:

A test program was undertaken to evaluate the effect of sensitivity and placement of residential smoke detectors on their response to fires in homes. The tests were conducted in two homes scheduled for demolition and used actual furnishings in typical configurations. In addition to the detector response times, the homes were highly instrumented with data on smoke, temperature, and gas concentration measured for all tests. The tests showed that smoke detectors can be highly effective in providing adequate warning of a fire before conditions in the home become dangerous.