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National Workshop on Structures in Fire: State-of-the-Art, Research and Training Needs.

pdf icon National Workshop on Structures in Fire: State-of-the-Art, Research and Training Needs. (298 K)
Kodur, V.; Garlock, M.; Iwankiw, N.

NIST GCR 07-915; CEE-RR-2007/03; 55 p. December 2007.

National Workshop on Structures in Fire: State-of-the-Art, Research and Training Needs. Proceedings. June 11-12, 2007, East Lansing, MI, 2007.


National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD


training; conferences; fire safety; high temperature; fire tests; sensors; verification; structural design; fire load; scenarios; sensitivity analysis; structures; specifications; ASTM E 119; standards; fire protection; experiments; codes; education; technology transfer


Structural fire safety is one of the key considerations in the design and maintenance of built infrastructure. There are serious limitations in the current approaches to structural fire safety and also severe knowledge gaps in the literature. Two main reasons for these limitations are the lack of significant research activities in this field and lack of educational and training programs in the universities. To review the current state-of-the-art and to identify the research and training needs for improved fire safety in the U.S., a two-day National Workshop was organized at Michigan State University. The workshop brought together many academics from U.S. universities, in addition to international experts and design professionals in the structural fire safety field. The deliberations from presentations, panel discussions, and break-out sessions formed the basis for this report and the information was used to develop research and training needs for improving the state-of-the-art in the structural fire safety field. Accordingly, the top ten research and training needs are: (*) Development of high-temperature constitutive material models (*) Development of new sensor technology for fire tests (*) Collection and generation of test data for model verification (*) Development of acceptable tools and criteria for undertaking structural fire design (*) Defining proper fire loads (scenarios) for developing numerical models and design guidelines (*) Performing sensitivity analyses and parametric studies to identify factors governing global structural response (*) Undertaking full-scale fire tests on decommissioned buildings (*) Characterizing connection behavior (*) Development of university curriculum related to structures in fire at the graduate and undergraduate levels (*) Improving the procedures and specifications to modify the ASTM E119 standard fire test. Full details related to above research and training needs are discussed in the report. It is hoped that the research and training need priorities identified in this report will stimulate significant new research and training activities in the structural fire safety field. Such activities should generate rational design methodologies, numerical models, innovative technologies, high performing materials and better informed practitioners and educators, all of which will improve the current practice of structural fire design to enhance public safety and potentially reduce or reallocate fire protection costs.