Verification and Validation of Selected Fire Models for Nuclear Power Plant Applications. Volume 2. Experimental Uncertainty.
Verification and Validation of Selected Fire Models for
Nuclear Power Plant Applications. Volume 2.
Hamins, A.; McGrattan, K. B.
NUREG-1824; EPRI 1011999; Volume 2; 105 p. May 2007.
Sponsor:Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA
nuclear power plants; verification; validation; fire
models; fire protection engineering; risks; ASTM E 1355;
NFPA 805; fire protection; experiments; uncertainty;
fire tests; heat release rate; ventilation; material
properties; ceiling jets; temperature; smoke; pressure;
heat flux; flame height; surface temperature
The purpose of this volume is to provide a means for
quantitative comparison of model simulations and
measurements. The methodology employed follows the
guidelines outlined in ASTM E 1355, Standard Guide for
Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic
Models, for verification and validation (V&V) of the
selected fire models. That guide outlines four parts of
model evaluation: 1. Define the model and scenarios for
which the evaluation is to be conducted. 2. Assess the
appropriateness of the theoretical basis and assumptions
used in the model. 3. Assess the mathematical and
numerical robustness of the model. 4. Validate a model
by quantifying the accuracy of the model results in
predicting the course of events for specific fire
scenarios. This volume describes the methodology used to
addresses the fourth part of the ASTM model evaluation
process. The other parts are found in Volumes 1 and 3
through 7 of this report series.