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All-Hazards Approach is Needed to Support Building Movement Strategies.

pdf icon All-Hazards Approach is Needed to Support Building Movement Strategies. (67 K)
Groner, N. E.

NIST SP 1032; January 2005.

Workshop on Building Occupant Movement During Fire Emergencies. Proceedings. Session 3.4. June 10-11, 2004, Gaithersburg, MD, Peacock, R. D.; Kuligowski, E. D., Editor(s)(s), 53-54 pp, 2005.


occupants; people movement; emergencies; hazard analysis; evacuation


People face a variety of hazards in built environments. The emergency management field has developed various approaches applicable to building emergencies, and the "all-hazards" or "multi-hazards" approach is among the most potentially valuable. At all levels of government, from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to local governments, officials recognize that the same basic functions must be activated in response to any and all hazardous events. Unfortunately, at the level of building management, this is not typically the case. Even with its great concentration of large buildings, many New York City building owners and managers employ both fire safety and security directors who may not work well together during emergencies despite their interdependence on achieving favorable outcomes. Different people may organize an evacuation in response to a fire and a bomb threat. The current situation inhibits efficient and effective engineering mitigation and responses to building emergencies.