All-Hazards Approach is Needed to Support Building Movement Strategies.
All-Hazards Approach is Needed to Support Building
Groner, N. E.
NIST SP 1032; January 2005.
Workshop on Building Occupant Movement During Fire
Emergencies. Proceedings. Session 3.4. June 10-11,
2004, Gaithersburg, MD, Peacock, R. D.; Kuligowski, E.
D., Editor(s)(s), 53-54 pp, 2005.
occupants; people movement; emergencies; hazard
People face a variety of hazards in built environments.
The emergency management field has developed various
approaches applicable to building emergencies, and the
"all-hazards" or "multi-hazards" approach is among the
most potentially valuable. At all levels of government,
from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to local
governments, officials recognize that the same basic
functions must be activated in response to any and all
hazardous events. Unfortunately, at the level of
building management, this is not typically the case.
Even with its great concentration of large buildings,
many New York City building owners and managers employ
both fire safety and security directors who may not work
well together during emergencies despite their
interdependence on achieving favorable outcomes.
Different people may organize an evacuation in response
to a fire and a bomb threat. The current situation
inhibits efficient and effective engineering mitigation
and responses to building emergencies.