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Integrating Physical Systems and Human Behavior Using Codes and Standards Requirements for Building Evacuation.


pdf icon Integrating Physical Systems and Human Behavior Using Codes and Standards Requirements for Building Evacuation. (70 K)
Groner, N. E.

NIST SP 1032; January 2005.

Workshop on Building Occupant Movement During Fire Emergencies. Proceedings. Session 2.3. June 10-11, 2004, Gaithersburg, MD, Peacock, R. D.; Kuligowski, E. D., Editor(s)(s), 8-13 pp, 2005.

Keywords:

occupants; people movement; emergencies; human behavior; codes; standards; evacuation

Abstract:

Codes need to be based on a fundamentally different approach to incorporating considerations of human behavior, especially where they regulate the production of performance-based designs. Codes have been based on traditional physical systems engineering approaches based on assumptions about occupants characteristics. The approach does not yield effective designs because (1) satisfactorily conservative assumptions cripple the design process, and (2) people are not credited for their abilities to adapt to dynamic scenarios. Instead, we need to integrate physical systems approaches with the goal-driven adaptive performance of people. Code-based designs need to specify realistic performance objectives for people as well as physical systems. Work by Groner and Williamson provides one possible approach towards integrating physical systems and human goal-directed behavior in a single holistic systems representation based on the achievement and preservation of desirable systems states.