Global Combustion Behavior of 1 MW to 3 MW Hydrocarbon Spray Fires Burning in an Open Environment.
Global Combustion Behavior of 1 MW to 3 MW Hydrocarbon
Spray Fires Burning in an Open Environment.
Hamins, A.; Maranghides, A.; Mulholland, G. W.
NISTIR 7013; 15 p. June 2003.
hydrocarbon sprays; experiments; combustion; radiative
heat flux; heat release rate; soot; carbon monoxide;
A series of experiments were conducted in order to
determine the global combustion behavior of a number of
liquid fuels burning in large (1 MW to 3 MW) spray fires
in an open environment. The experiments described here
provide a characterization of the global fire
characteristic of the liquid spray burner, which is a
standard fixture in the NIST Large Fire Laboratory. The
fuels tested include n-heptane, toluene, a commercial
blend of heptane isomers, Jet A, and a heptane/toluene
fuel mixture. The fuel flow was controlled. Measurements
were made of the radiative emission to the surroundings,
the heat release rate, and the emission of soot, CO2,
and CO. These measurements were normalized by the mass
burning rate to determine the radiative heat loss
fraction, the combustion efficiency, and the yields of
soot, CO2, and CO.