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Solid-State Thermochemistry of Flaming Combustion. (Abstract/Presentation)

pdf icon Solid-State Thermochemistry of Flaming Combustion. (Abstract/Presentation) (185 K)
Lyon, R. E.

NIST SP 998; May 2003.


fire growth; fire spread; flaming combustion; thermochemistry


A large amount of research has been conducted on the gas phase thermochemistry of flaming combustion, undoubtedly due to the commercial importance of this process in heating and internal combustion engines. In contrast, the solid-state processes of flaming combustion are poorly understood-probably because this knowledge is relevant mainly to the problems of fire and incineration, neither of which have a large enough economic impact to justify significant research activity. To date, only the thermochemical processes that occur in burning wood have been studied systematically. At the Federal Aviation Administration we are attempting to develop a fireproof aircraft cabin. Since commercial aircraft cabins are comprised primarily of synthetic organic polymers and polymer composites, we require a fundamental understanding of the solid-state processes of flaming combustion and the relationship of these processes to polymer chemical structure in order to achieve this goal. Therefore, the present work attempts to extend the existing research on the solid-state thermochemistry of burning wood to include polymers.