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Literature Review on Enclosure of Elevator Lobbies.

pdf icon Literature Review on Enclosure of Elevator Lobbies. (302 K)
Stroup, D. W.

NISTIR 6973; 25 p. March 2003.

Available from:

Orders Only) 800-553-6847;
Order number: PB2003-104547


elevators (lifts); literature review; building codes; building fires; fire fighting; smoke movement; smoke transport


A literature survey was conducted to explore the need and appropriate systems for protecting elevator lobbies from smoke migration. The focus is on smoke spread through elevator shafts and lobbies, building occupant and fire fighter use of elevators during fire emergencies, and computer software for evaluating elevator performance during fires. In conducting the literature review, a number of computerized library databases were examined, including some operated by the Federal government, academic institutions, and private industry. Some of the key words used in the various searches included: elevator, fire, smoke movement, smoke migration, lobby, fire fighting, emergency egress, and shaft. The results of the survey are organized into the following categories: smoke movement, occupant usage, fire fighter usage, and analysis software. Finally, recommendations for areas requiring additional research are provided.