Elevators for Occupant Evacuation and Fire Department Access.
Elevators for Occupant Evacuation and Fire Department
Kuligowski, E. D.
Strategies for Performance in the Aftermath of the World
Trade Center. CIB-CTBUH Conference on Tall Buildings.
Proceedings. Task Group on Tall Buildings: CIB TG50.
CIB Publication No. 290. October 20-23, 2003, Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia, Shafii, F.; Bukowski, R.; Klemencic,
R., Editor(s)(s), 193-200 pp, 2003.
World Trade Center; high rise buildings; elevators
(lifts); emergencies; evacuation; fire fighters; risk
This paper will present a study of the potential for
elevators to reduce occupant egress time and fire
department access time for fires in tall buildings.
Potential reductions in egress and access times will be
compared for some specific cases where times for current
procedures are available. The paper will review past
research in elevator usage and the structure of existing
models for elevator evacuation. From this review, the
assumptions and limitations of the current elevator and
egress models will be discussed, and future plans for
improvement of the existing egress prediction techniques
will be presented.