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Methodology for Predicting Smoke Detector Response.


pdf icon Methodology for Predicting Smoke Detector Response. (81 K)
Ierardi, J. A.; Barnett, J. R.

Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, 4th International Conference. Proceedings. March 20-22, 2002, Melbourne, Australia, Almand, K.; Coate, C.; England, P.; Gordon, J., Editor(s)(s), 235-240 pp, 2002.

Sponsor:

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Keywords:

performance based codes; fire safety; case histories; smoke detectors; detector response; methodology; computational fluid dynamics; sensors

Abstract:

A methodology for predicting smoke detector response with computational fluid dynamics is presented. The general phenomena associated with the overall smoke detection process are provided. The overall smoke detection process has been organized into five categories; property generation, bulk property transport, local property transport, sensor modulation, and alarm condition. Each component of the smoke detection process is discussed in terms of available methods for quantifying the associated variables.